Tibet is known as the Roof of the World. A land of ancient Buddhist cultures, majestic landscapes, richly decorated monasteries full of artistic treasures, and centuries-old caravan trails. Once the forbidden kingdom, Tibet is now famous for its many cultural and adventure tourism destinations.
The boundless expanse of the land is awesomely beautiful. Visitors will marvel at the fantastic views of the mountains, valleys and lakes, as well as the expanses of the rolling Tibetan High Plateau. The majestic Potala palace, with Sera, Drepung, Norbulinkha palace and many other monasteries and ancient caves are unique repositories of Buddhist culture and history. In western Tibet is holy Mt Kailash, known to Tibetans as Kang Rimpoche, "the Precious Jewel of Glacial Snow," perhaps the most exquisitely beautiful and sacred mountain on earth.
Tibet, Autonomous region of China, covers an area of 1.2 million sq. km. It is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains to the north and the Himalaya to the south. The land lies in the rain shadow of the main Himalayas, making the summer months an optimal time to visit.
The Tibetan population numbers some 2.3 millions. Living at an average elevation of 4000m, these are a deeply devout people, whose practices include the use of prayer wheels (whose every turn creates merit for the devotee) and prayer flags (marking high passes and religious places), as well as mani stones (inscribed with the universal mantra Om mani padme hum and other religious texts).
A visa is required to enter Tibet, Autonomous Region of China. This can be obtained from the Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu. Two passport-sized photographs are needed.
Access to Tibet:
China South-West airlines flies to Lhasa from Kathmandu, Chengdo, Xian, Chong.
Tibet is located at the Southwest part of China, with a land area of 1.22 million square kilometers and a population of 2.3 million, in which is about 95% are Tibetan nationality. There are also 30 other nationalities in Tibet, such as Han, Menba, Luoba, Hui, Mouggul, Naxi as well as Cheng and Sharba peoples. Tibet is the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau proper, with average laundries of 4,000 meters above the sea level. It is well-know as the Roof of the World and The Third Pole of the Globe. The world highest summit-Himalayan, which strides across the boarder between Tibet and Nepal, claims a height of 8,848 meters above the sea level. The characteristics of the Plateau climate are the great difference of different heights and of days and nights. The northern part is arid and cold. On the whole, Tibet claims a low temperature, long-day sunshine, strong radiation, rare rainfall and thin air. The pastoral area of Tibet is one of the five biggest in China, in which sheep, goat and yak are grazed. Farming crops are mainly highland barley, wheat, bean and rape seeds as well as some apples and walnuts.
Tibet has forest coverage of 60,000 square kilometers, which is the second largest timber deposit in China. Famous and dear animal and herb medicines, such as musk, bear's gallbladder, Chinese caterpillar fungus, the tuber of elevated gastro sits, the bulb of fritillary and the snow lotus flower, are world-famous. The Deposit of hydroelectric and geothermal power are the top of the country's reserves and solar energy is the second. Being the capital city, with 1,300 years of history, Lhasa, which means holy land of Buddha's land in Tibetan, is the political religious economical and cultural centre of Tibet. Tibetan culture originated from Tibet. Human activities traced back to the later ages of the Paleolithic. The king of Tibet, Songzangarbu, unified Tibet in the 7th century. Established Tibet dynasty, which twice weaved matrimonial relations with Tang Dynasty in the 7th and 8th centuries. In the 13th century, Tibet became an administrative region of Yuan Dynasty, a Gedanpozang government was established during the rule of the fifth Dalai Lama, and it was confirmed by the Qing Dynasty government, a standing minister to Tibet was authorized. After the 1911 Revolution, administrative agencies were set up in Tibet by the Government of the People's Republic of China. (September, 1, 1965)